The Normans didn't conquer Wales until Edward Longshanks in the 1280sAn apology to @Feedback and anyone else who felt my use of the term brainwashed was conceited and arrogant.
That's the last thing on my mind, so I take that phrase back. It's not helpful to the debate nor my cause.
Not sure how else to describe how I felt though. That sinking feeling when realised I had the wool pulled over my eyes during my academic years when the English monarchy was forced onto us.
When I actually needed to be learning about our very own Welsh history and culture. Of which there is thousands of years as opposed to anything since the French conquest of 1066.
I'm not sure where the assertion about my knowledge of the last Welsh King of Wales came from, as I hadn't seen that question until a quick trawl through this thread.The Normans didn't conquer Wales until Edward Longshanks in the 1280s
We haven't had an English monarch since Harold. Since then we've had Norman, Angevin, Welsh, Scottish, Hanoverian, Saxe-Coburg Gotha, but no English.
You hadnt heard of Gruffud ap Llewellyn until a few days ago.
Welsh history is so intertwined with the Anglo-saxons, it goes way further back than the Acts of Union, Edward longshanks, the Normans and even Aethelstan.
You literally have no idea how many times the Welsh have fought each other and used the English kings to further their own ambition. If you want to understand Welsh history, then start with The Lord Rhys and read from there.
So what you’re saying is that the english have been shafting us for 1,000 years and it’s about time we told them to do one and claimed our independenc.Are you aware that Glyndwrs rebellion was not about independence but because he didn't receive an appropriate distribution of the sports of battle. Glyndwr was a fervent supporter of the English Crown until the crown shafted him.
A better example of a welshmen fighting the English for the love of his country would be Owain Gwynedd 300 years before Glyndwr.
English?So what you’re saying is that the english have been shafting us for 1,000 years and it’s about time we told them to do one and claimed our independenc.
Not the build cost, that was borrowed upfront. The tolls were used to repay that borrowing but not the interest.Wasn’t the second Severn crossing paid for by tolls? Therefore only by those benefitting directly from using it?
Taken from wikiNot the build cost, that was borrowed upfront. The tolls were used to repay that borrowing but not the interest.
This was one of the first large scale public/private partnerships.
HS2 will be financed in a broadly similar way.